Fennel is a perennial herb belonging to the parsley (Umbelliferae) family; a broad family of herbs and spices. Scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce. Anise-flavored, Sweet fennel seed has tremendous health benefits. The spice is one of the most sought after ingredients in many popular cuisines all over the Mediterranean regions. Fennel has long been used as a remedy for flatulence and indigestion in traditional medicines. Fennel seed decoction or added as spice in food has been found to increase breast milk secretion in nursing mothers. Fennel water often is used in newborn babies to relieve colic pain and help aid digestion. Fennel seed oil is used to relieve coughs, bronchitis and as massage oil to cure joint pains.